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Kid’s first aid

Everyday first aid information
 
Be prepared to treat a child for loss of consciousness, or even to resuscitate, if their condition deteriorates from one of the following everyday situations. Familiarise yourself with Resuscitiation techniques and complete a St John Ambulance first aid course.
 
Injury & Possible Symptoms
First Aid
Actions
Bleeding
 
* Obvious external bleeding.
* If the wound is gushing blood an artery may have been punctured.
 
* Press firmly on the wound (with a clean cloth or your palm).
* Raise Injured Part to above the line of the heart.
* Lay child down keeping injured part high.
* Continue to press on the wound.
* Bandage a sterile dressing firmly, but not too tightly in place over the pad. If bleeding continues do not remove original dressing, place another dressing over the top and maintain pressure.
* Keep injured part raised and supported.
NOTE: DO NOT try to remove objects that are embedded in a wound as you may cause further damage and bleeding. Make a dressing around the injury.
 
* Seek medical attention.
* If bleeding does not stop treat for shock and call an Ambulance
 
AUS “000”
NZ “111”
 
Burns and Scalds
 
Note: DO NOT remove any clothing or material that may be sticking to the burned area.
 
* If no cold water is available, use another cool liquid such as milk.
* Cool burn with cold water (preferably running water) for at least 20 minutes.
* Remove cooled clothing and cool injury again. Cut around material that is sticking to the burn.
* Do not touch the burn or burst any blisters.
* Cover burn loosely with clean non-fluffy material, plastic bag or kitchen film.
* DO NOT give anything to eat or drink and watch for signs of shock.
 
* Seek medical attention.
* Call an ambulance if necessary
 
AUS “000”
NZ “111”
 
Choking
 
* Breathing is obstructed.
* Sudden clutching at the throat.
* Face may turn blue.
* Trying to cry or speak, but making strange noises or no sound.
 
A Choking Baby
DO NOT shake a baby or hold it upside down.
 
* Lay the baby face down with its head low and chin supported by your hand.
* Give 5 sharp blows between the shoulder blades. If this does not clear the blockage give up to 5 chest thrusts.
* Chest Thrust for a baby. 
* Place baby on its back on a firm surface.
* Place two fingers in the CPR compression position.
* Give 5 chest thrusts, sharper but slower than CPR.
* Check in the mouth for the obstruction.
* Call an ambulance if obstruction has not been cleared.
* Repeat steps until help arrives or the obstruction is cleared.
* Monitor breathing and pulse and be prepared to resuscitate.
 
A Choking Child
 
* Encourage the child to try to cough up the object if possible.
* Bend child forward and give 5 sharp slaps between the shoulder blades.
* If back blows fail commence chest thrusts checking to see airway is clear after each thrust.
* Chest thrusts for an older child: * These can be given either standing, lying or sitting.
* Identify the same point on the sternum as when doing CPR
* Place on hand on the back for support and one hand on the sternum if child is upright.
* Thrusts should be sharp and delivered at a slower pace than compressions.
* Look in the mouth for the obstruction after each thrust.
* Call an ambulance if the obstruction has not cleared.
* Repeat steps until help arrives or the obstruction is cleared.
* Monitor breathing and pulse and be prepared to resuscitate.
 
* Call an ambulance if obstruction has not been cleared.
 
AUS “000”
NZ “111”
 
* Seek medical advice.
 
Febrile Convulsion
 
* The child may be flushed and sweating with a hot forehead.
* The eyes may roll upwards, be fixed or squinting.
* Face may look blue if they are holding their breath.
* The back may be arched and stiff.
* Fists may be clenched.
 
Baby or Toddler
 
* Place the child on their side on the floor or large flat area for safety.
* Remove objects from nearby that may cause injury.
* After the convulsion has stopped, remove excessive clothing to assist with cooling. DO NOT attempt to cool by sponging or bathing.
 
* Seek medical advice.
 
Poisoning
 
* DO NOT try to make your child vomit as this can cause further harm.
* Identify the poison the child has taken. Chemical/alcohol/medicine/plant.
* Call the Poisons Information centre 13 11 26 (AUS) 0800 764 766 (NZ).
* Follow their advice.
 
* Call the Poisons Information centre 131126 (AUS) 0800 764 766 (NZ).
* Seek medical attention.
 
Snake and Spider Bites
 
* A pair of puncture marks.
* Severe pain, redness and swelling around the bite.
* Vomiting.
* Disturbed vision and increased salivation and sweating.
* Breathing difficulties.
 
* DO NOT let your child walk.
* Lie the child down and keep still.
* Apply firm pressure to the bite area and bandage firmly from the fingers or toes, moving up the limb as far as can be reached.
* Redback spider bite – Apply Icepack to bite and call an ambulance.
 
* Call an ambulance
 
AUS “000”
NZ “111”
 
* Try to identify the spider or snake.
 
For more information see Child safety or Parenting